Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs where inflammation and swelling causes narrowing of the airways. This narrowing causes difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, coughing, and frequently a wheezing sound.

Asthma mostly starts in childhood, but can continue throughout life. It is associated with other allergies and atopic dermatitis, and can be life-threatening in severe cases.


Many things can trigger a flare, including:

  • exercise
  • cold air
  • breathing in harsh chemicals or fragrances


Although intermittent, many patients require constant treatment in order to prevent flares. In severe cases, oral corticosteroids may be used which can impact the rest of the body, including the skin.