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This common form of eczema causes small, intensely itchy blisters on the edges of the fingers, toes, palms, and soles of the feet. It is is twice as common in women as it is in men.
Stress, allergies (such as hay fever), moist hands and feet, and contact with nickel (in metal-plated jewelry), cobalt (found in metal-plated objects and in pigments used in paints and enamels), or chromium salts (used in the manufacturing of cement, mortar, leather, paints and anticorrosives) may be triggers of dyshidrotic eczema.
Because of the association with seasonal allergies, the dyshidrotic eczema blisters are known to erupt more frequently during the spring allergy season. The blisters may last up to three weeks before they begin to dry and can sometimes be large and painful. As the blisters dry, they may turn into skin cracks or cause the skin to feel thick and spongy, especially if you’ve been scratching the area.
Doctors also may refer to dyshidrotic eczema as:
There is no cure for dyshidrotic eczema, but the good news is, in many cases it’s manageable. And like all types of the condition, it isn’t contagious. You cannot “catch” dyshidrotic eczema from another person, or give it to someone else.
All types of eczema cause itching and redness. But some, like dyshidrotic eczema, look and act slightly different than others. You can have more than one type of eczema at a time, for example you can have dyshidrotic eczema and atopic dermatitis at once.
Some symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema:
It’s important to understand which type of eczema you may have and also your symptoms and triggers, so that you can better treat and manage it. The only way to be sure that you have a form of eczema, including dyshidrotic eczema, is to make an appointment with your doctor.
At home treatment for dyshidrotic eczema includes soaking hands and feet in cool water or applying compresses to the affected area two to four times a day. This will help dry out the blisters and let the healing process begin.
There is no surefire way to prevent eczema, including dyshidrotic eczema. However, good skin care, and daily bathing and moisturizing can help strengthen your skin against irritation, so that it doesn’t flare up, or get worse. The most important thing to remember is to be consistent.
Learn what triggers to avoid — like metal-plated jewelry — that can really set off certain types of eczema
Some basic things you can do to help control your dyshidrotic eczema:
Learn more about how to control and treat your eczema.